Some studies suggest that up to half of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) also have ADHD.
What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and is characterised by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. This can also be referred to as ADD, attention decifit disorder. ADHD is a medical condition affecting the frontal lobes of the brain that play a significant role in executive functions such as foresight and planning, attention and self-control. This affects:
- working memory
- verbal regulation
- motor control
- emotional regulation.
ADHD is more common in boys than in girls and is usually heredity.
1. Inattention is often overlooked as these children may be quiet and do well at school but have trouble concentrating. The symptoms of inattention include disorganisation, lack of focus, and difficulty paying attention to detail. Children with ADHD commonly make silly mistakes, struggle to stay on topic, seems to get bored easily, seem easily distracted, and have difficulty listening and following social cues.
2. Hyperactivity symptoms vary with age but could include:
- Fidgeting and squirming
- Getting up frequently
- Running from place to place
- Or walking around
- Talking excessively
- Interrupting conversations
- Speaking out of turn
- Overly active.
Pre-school-aged children with ADHD might run or climb at inappropriate times and seem to be in constant motion often jumping on furniture.
Other characteristics could include:
- Not being able to play quietly
- Being impatient
- Seeming to not listen when spoken to
- Trouble taking part in group activities or listening to a story
Children who are hyperactive also tend to be impulsive. They may interrupt conversations and play out of turn.
3.The impulsivity group of symptoms associated with ADHD includes:
- Difficulty taking turns
- Blurting out answers
- Frequently interrupting others
- Starting conversations at inappropriate times
Children with ADHD commonly also have other conditions, such as anxiety, learning difficulties or disruptive behaviour disorders.
How can The Flashcards help as an early intervention program for ADHD?
Although ADHD is not considered a learning disability, research indicates that from 30-50 percent of children with ADHD also have a specific learning disability.
A significant amount of children diagnosed with ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are classified as visual learners.
In fact, this is one of the many reasons that they may have trouble succeeding in school.
Within The Flashcards you have evidence based, ABA programs. ABA therapy is also being used with children with ADHD.
The Flashcards include ABA programs and are supported with over 700 visuals. This program will only compliment the way the ADHD brain functions.
ABA, Applied Behaviour Analysis
Learn more about ABA and how ABA programs within The Flashcards can help your child.
Here is a brief guide/reference of some other technical terms that you may commonly hear.
An extreme inability to communicate normally and develop social relationships and often accompanied by behavioural challenges, such as prolonged fixation on an object or group of words, or a complete inability to talk. It is considered the most complex and hardest to understand childhood neurological disorder.
Simular to autism but with excellent verbal skills. Often referred to as “little professor syndrome” because of high intelligence and an obsessive fixation on specific topics of knowledge. The diagnostic criteria changed in May 2013 so now Asperger’s is referred to as autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a developmental disability caused by damage to the developing brain during pregnancy or shortly after birth. Affected children usually have abnormal muscle tone as well as uncoordinated control of movements or postures. Cerebral refers to the brain. Palsy can mean weakness or paralysis or lack of muscle control.
The loss of social and communication skills, but usually more dramatic and developing later than in autism. Can also display significant loss in motor (muscle) skills.
The inability to discriminate the sounds of letters, which also makes spelling, writing and speech difficult. It is the most misunderstood of all disorders because it is incorrectly perceived as a reading problem owing to mental reversal or transposition of letters.
An anxiety disorder characterised by a pattern of rituals or obsessive thinking to a point it interferes with everyday life.
Characterised by openly hostile and defiant behaviour, usually towards authority figures.
Uncontrollable, sudden, repetitive and purposeless muscle or verbal tics.